soviet kronshtadt class

She was laid down 30 November 1939 and judged 10.6% complete when the Germans invaded. [11] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 10 degrees per second and traverse at 5.1 degrees per second. Before the Germans evacuated the city they damaged her building slip and hull with explosives and made her a constructive total loss. Ships were also given to the Soviet Border Guards and were used actively as border patrol ships. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II.These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937.. The forward transverse 330-millimeter (13.0 in) bulkhead was 330 mm thick while the rear bulkhead was 275 millimeters (10.8 in) thick. The order also included 10-meter (33 ft) rangefinders and 150-centimeter (59 in) searchlights. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. 380–86. She was captured by the Germans when they occupied Nikolayev in late 1941, but the Germans did little with her other than to use some of her material for defensive positions and some was apparently shipped to Germany. Usov, V. The model is an approximation and is not configured to represent either ship perfectly. The normal fuel oil capacity was 2,920 metric tons (2,874 long tons), which provided an estimated endurance of 1,100 nautical miles (2,040 km; 1,270 mi) at full speed. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. So the barbette of turret number two had to be raised to clear turret number one and the height of the conning tower had to be raised to clear turret number two. Thirteen of the decommissioned and disarmed ships were delivered to the DOSAAF Voluntary Society for use as training ships. The turrets could elevate at a rate of 6° per second and traverse at 5° per second. They had a maximum range of about 30,000 meters (33,000 yd) with a 55-kilogram (121 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 950 m/s (3,100 ft/s). They were designed in response to the battleships being built by Germany. [2], This was approved and the detailed design work began with the basic concept that the ship should be superior to the Scharnhorst-class ships and able to outrun the Bismarck-class battleships. She was laid down on 5 November 1939 and estimated as 11.6% complete on 22 June 1941. At this time the horizontal protection was revised after full-scale trials revealed that a 500-kilogram (1,100 lb) bomb would penetrate both a 40-millimeter (1.6 in) upper deck and a 50-millimeter (2.0 in) middle deck to burst on the main armor deck. [21], Kronshtadt (Russian: Кронштадт) was built by the Shipyard No. [6] All of these changes added over 1,000 metric tons (984 long tons) to the ships' displacement and the sketch design was completed by 16 October 1940, as Project 69-I (Importnyi—Imported), even though they still lacked data for the turrets and their barbettes. The admiral's bridge was protected with 50 mm armor. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The underwater protection was an American-style design with a bulge and four longitudinal bulkheads intended to withstand a 500-kilogram (1,102 lb) warhead of TNT. The tactical diameter was estimated at about 1,200 meters (1,312 yd). In Preston, Anthony. Kronshtadt Orion is a mid-sized UAV class, equipped with a gasoline engine with a capacity of about 100 horsepower. The largest warships built in the Soviet Union prior to 1938 were the 8,000-metric-ton (7,874-long-ton) Kirov-class cruisers and even they had suffered from a number of production problems, but the Soviet leadership preferred to ignore the industrial difficulties when making their plans. It was deemed superior to the Kongos at medium range and inferior to the Dunkerques at the same range, but generally superior to the Scharnhorsts, although it is doubtful that the Soviets were fully aware of the true specifications of the Kongōs as rebuilt or of the Scharnhorsts as the displacement of the latter had been given as 26,000 metric tons (25,589 long tons), more than 5,000 metric tons (4,921 long tons) short of their true displacement. By this time, however, details were becoming available for the Scharnhorst-class battleships and the ship was deemed inferior to the German ships. The shipyards in Leningrad and Nikolayev had less than half the workers intended. [9], Maximum speed was estimated at 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph), using the revised propeller design, although forcing the machinery would yield an extra knot. Battleship Gangut-class battleship … This is why the Soviets bought twelve surplus 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SK C/34 guns, and their twin turrets, similar to those used in the Bismarck-class battleships, from Germany in 1940. The first ship, BO-270, was built at Zelenodolsk in 1945-1947 and a total of 227 were built for Soviet Navy (175) and border guard until 1955. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. The main belt was 230 millimeters (9.1 in) thick, with a taper to the lower edge, and inclined outwards six degrees. A revised design was finished by October which was wargamed against the Japanese Kongō-class battlecruisers, the French Dunkerque-class battleships as well as the Scharnhorst class. This mean that the main belt had to be extended upwards to meet the main armor deck at a significant penalty in weight. Initially seven mounts were planned, but the one above the conning tower was exchanged for a director for the 100 mm guns in early 1940 when the Navy realized that the other directors were blocked by the superstructure. Most of the Soviet sub-chasers were decommissioned between 1958 and 1970, although some were in service until the 1990s as training stations. Project 122bis (NATO codename Kronshtadt class) submarine chasers were a Soviet design which were exported throughout the communist bloc in the 1950s. The displacement of the two Project 69-I-class ships increased to 36,250 metric tons (35,677 long tons) at standard load and 42,831 metric tons (42,155 long tons) at full load which increased the draft to 9.7 meters (31 ft 10 in) at full load while the waterline length grew to 242.1 meters (794 ft 3 in) simply because the extra draft submerged more of the sharply raked stem and spoon-shaped stern. These had two 8-meter (26 ft 3 in) stereoscopic rangefinders, one to track the target and the other to measure the range to the ship's own shell splashes. [1], However the Soviet Navy still felt a need for a fast ship that could deal with enemy cruisers and the original concept was revived as Project 69. Large in size with long Rudder Shift Time 3. "The Kronshtadt Class Battle Cruisers". This conversion was initially accepted, but the red army understandably more interested in funding the red army and not the red navy, had gained control of a committee on naval needs, and used that to get the conversion cancelled, ending any hope of Izmail, last of the Borodino-class Battlecruisers, and any chance of a Soviet capital ship until the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser attempt during the early WWII era. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, ("Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69"), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. [16], The ships had relatively light armor. McLaughlin, Stephen (2004). [Large Seagoing Chasers of Project 122]. 100 rounds per gun were carried. [13] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 13 degrees per second and traverse at 6 degrees per second. It ranged from 2.36 to 3.24 rounds per minute depending on the elevation. Photo via German Federal Archives. This was presented to the State Defense Committee on 11 February 1941, but the design was not approved until 10 April when it ordered that the first two ships be completed with German guns while the others would continue to use the 305 mm guns. The Project 25 design was then rejected on the grounds that it was too weak compared to foreign ships and the whole program was cancelled in early 1938 after an attempt to modify the design with larger guns had been made. The electrical plant originally consisted of four 1200 kW turbo generators and four 650 kW diesel generators, but these were upgraded for the Project 69-I ships. Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-190: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-191: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-193: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 11 May The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. With the known specs of those ships at … The Kronshtadts were specifically built to counter the threat of the german Bismarck-class. Add your article. [14], Heavy anti-aircraft (AA) fire was provided by eight 56-caliber 100 mm B-34 dual-purpose guns in four twin MZ-16 turrets mounted at the aft end of the superstructure with the aft turrets mounted inboard of the forward turrets. However, with the Kronshtadt, the B-38 guns were prepared in time for use on … Additionally, vessels of this class in Chinese service are used to take Chinese children enrolled in military / naval summer camps and junior military / naval academies for short cruises for patriotic education and public relations missions. Maximum fuel capacity was 5,570 metric tons (5,482 long tons) which gave a range of 8,300 nautical miles (15,370 km; 9,550 mi) at 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h; 16.7 mph) and 6,900 nmi (12,780 km; 7,940 mi) at 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph). 1969 class of Soviet guided missile cruisers. Since the model is optimized for 1/1800th scale, it is not ideal to print larger versions due to a lack of detail. They fired 15.6-kilogram (34 lb) high explosive shells at a muzzle velocity of 895 m/s (2,940 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 22,241 meters (24,323 yd) against surface targets, but their maximum range against aerial targets was 9,895 meters (32,464 ft), the limit of their time fuse. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. The Soviet battle cruisers Kronshtadt and Sevastopol (Project 69) have been among the mysteries of world capital-ship construction. Stalin’s insistence of proceeding with the Stalingrad class over the concerns of his officers is typical of the period. [9], Luftwaffe reconnaissance photo of Kronshtadt under construction in late 1941; her stern section is in the right midsection of the photograph, The Soviet shipbuilding and related industries proved to be incapable of supporting the construction of the four Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships as well as the two Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers at the same time. [20], The ships were originally intended to be laid down 1 September 1939, but they were delayed until November to allow improvements to the shipyards to be completed. A total of sixteen ships were planned in the August 1939 building program, but this was scaled back to four in July 1940 and two in October 1940 when it became clear just how unprepared the Soviets were for any large-scale naval construction program. ... the French Dunkerque class, and the modified Japanese Kongo class, which demanded a Soviet response. 1/1800th scale Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser model. ; Evan Mawdsley (1991). However, World War I and the Russian Civil War interrupted the construction of the Russian Borodino-class ships and all were scrapped. The forward turrets were inboard and above the outer turrets which provided both turrets with good arcs of fire. Gunnery focused with great ballistics and short-range torpedoes 2. The funnels had 20 mm armor for their entire height above the deck and a 50 mm box protected the smoke generators. It was a smaller and less-expensive counterpart to the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers of 1939. They were laid down in 1939, with an estimated completion date in 1944, but Stalin's naval construction program proved to be more than the shipbuilding and armaments industries could handle. The guns could be depressed to −3° and elevated to 45°. ... 219 vessels of various classes, 71 aircraft and 126 pieces of combat vehicles. A preliminary purchase agreement was made to buy twelve guns and six turrets later that month, well before any studies were even made to see if the substitution was even possible. [22], Side view as the design appeared in early 1939. The conning tower had 330 mm sides and a 125 mm roof with a 230 mm communications tube running down to the armor deck. Contents Shipbuilding steel proved to be in short supply in 1939–1940 and a number of batches were rejected because they did not meet specifications. It was 5 meters (16 ft 5 in) high of which 1.6 meters (5 ft 3 in) was intended to be submerged as originally designed. The ships served in 1950s–1960s on all Soviet fleets and flotillas in the Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Arctic Ocean and Pacific Ocean as part of Soviet coastal anti-submarine defences. [9], The main turrets had 305 mm faces and backs and 125-millimeter (4.9 in) sides and roofs. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers are a class of battlecruisers developed in the 1930s by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy in the early 1930s. Main features of USSR Destroyers: 1. Traditional Soviet secrecy about technical naval matters had Lightning in the night Soviet battleships and Cruisers It is mention in Lightning in the night book that the Soviet Navy has eight battleships in service at the beginning of the war on Augusts 1st 1945.As the Soviet Union is at paece whit the United Greater German Reich (OTL Third Reich) all Battleships and Cruisers which whereunder constructionare completed. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. They had a maximum range of 36,520 meters (39,940 yd) with a 800-kilogram (1,800 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 820 m/s (2,700 ft/s). While the Frunze was intended to use B-38 16in guns, time overruns led to 15in guns from Germany being imported to use. ISSN, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with Russian-language external links, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II battlecruisers of the Soviet Union, Abandoned military projects of the Soviet Union, "Russian 305 mm/55 (12") B-36 Pattern 1937 305 mm/55 (12") B-50 Pattern 1940", http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNRussian_12-55_B-50.htm, "Russian 152 mm/57 (6") B-38 Pattern 1938", http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNRussian_6-57_m1938.htm, "Russia / USSR 100 mm/56 (3.9") B-34 Pattern 1940", http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNRussian_39-56_m1940.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNRussian_37mm-67_70-K.htm, http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_15-52_skc34.htm, List of battlecruisers of the Soviet Union, Large cruiser or "cruiser killer" designs, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Kronshtadt-class_battlecruiser?oldid=2662985, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 39,660 metric tons (39,034 long tons) (standard), 8,300 nautical miles (15,372 km; 9,551 mi) at 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h; 16.7 mph). As designed they displaced 35,240 metric tons (34,683 long tons) at standard load and 41,539 metric tons (40,883 long tons) at full load. [7], The hull form was very full with a block coefficient of 0.61 which compared badly to the 0.54 of the Dunkerque, the 0.52 of the German O-class battlecruiser or the 0.5266 of the American Alaska-class cruiser. Both ships, Kronshtadt and Sevastopol were commissioned in 1936. Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied and rejected all of them. Two mounts were abreast the forward funnel, two just abaft the rear funnel and the last two on the centerline of the aft superstructure superfiring over the rear main gun turret. Similarly the 37-millimeter (1.5 in) anti-aircraft guns behind turret number three had to raised as well. The Germans said that they would have to check back for the technical details. Despite their obsolescence, these boats remained active well into the mid-1990s. She was judged obsolete and the Soviets considered converting her into an aircraft carrier, but the idea was rejected and both hulls were scrapped in 1947. Their rate of fire also varied with the elevation from 7.5 to 4.8 rounds per minute. Kronshtadt is primarily designed to destroy enemy cruisers. The Stalingrad-class battlecruiser, also known as Project 82 (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 82), was a Soviet battlecruiser design from 1941. [17], The Germans sold the Soviets twelve 52-caliber 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SKC/34 guns and their associated Drh LC/34 turrets as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. They had a fixed loading angle of 6° and their rate of fire varied with the time required to relay the gun. The Defense Committee approved the sketch design on 13 July 1939, but the detailed design was not approved until 12 April 1940, after construction had already begun on the first two ships. USSR Destroyers are not so good for beginners In World of Warships, Soviet Destroyers are generally noted for their big size and hence poor concealment, good balli… This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. The Kronshtadt Class Battlecruiser was the lighter Soviet counterpart to the Sovetskaya Rossiya-class battleship. Kresta-II class cruiser profile 1986.png 1,127 × 262; 51 KB. The Veer - class corvettes of the Indian Navy are a customized Indian variant of the Soviet Tarantul class They form the 22nd Killer Missile Vessel Squadron Tar. [19], Machinery problems were likely to delay the ships well past their intended delivery dates of 1943–44. 194, Marti in Leningrad. 200, 61 Communards in Nikolayev. Kronshtadt — Soviet promo premium Tier IX cruiser. She carried 305 mm main guns with a very long firing range. 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